Steroid use as a means of performance enhancing began to really take off in the 1950s and 60s, largely in thanks to the . and Soviet Union Olympic weight lifting teams. During the Cold War era the battle for supremacy was never ceasing and the same drive for supremacy shared by rivaling governments was shared by the respected athletic institutes. Although steroid use as it pertains to performance enhancing owes much of its history to weight lifting and what is often referred to as the Golden Age of bodybuilding do not be misled; steroid use has existed in many sports we know as far back as the 1970s. Even baseball which has in recent years carried the burden of the steroid hunt was ripe with anabolic steroid use as far back as the 1970s. Former MLB pitcher Tom House who pitched for three different teams in the 70s stated he knew without question every team had at least 6 pitchers using anabolic steroids during this time. Thats pitchers alone; this does not include the other 8 positions.
Steroids may also be injected into the body. Unlike drugs and other substances, the steroids are not injected into the blood stream but directly into the muscle. This prevents damage to blood vessels. Steroids that can be injected into the body are usually grouped in two categories; water and oil based steroids. The difference is the rate with which they are broken down in the body. Water based steroids are broken down faster and therefore you are required to administer them several times within a week. Oil based on the other hand should be administered fewer times since they are metabolized much slowly. Steroid injections reduce the strain on the liver as they do not pass through the digestive track. However, large doses or prolonged use may have adverse effects on the kidneys.