In clinical studies, cyproterone was found to be far less potent and effective as an antiandrogen relative to CPA, likely in significant part due to its lack of concomitant antigonadotropic action.  Cyproterone was studied as a treatment for precocious puberty by Bierich (1970, 1971), but no significant improvement was observed.  In men, 100 mg/day cyproterone proved to be rather ineffective in treating acne , which was hypothesized to be related to its progonadotropic effects in males and counteraction of its antiandrogen activity.   In women however, in whom the drug has no progonadotropic activity, 100–200 mg/day oral cyproterone was effective in reducing sebum production in all patients as early as 2–4 weeks following the start of treatment.  In contrast, topical cyproterone was far less effective and barely outperformed placebo .  In addition, another study showed disappointing results with 100 mg/day cyproterone for reducing sebum production in women with hyperandrogenism .  Similarly, the drug showed disappointing results in the treatment of hirsutism , with a distinct hair reduction occurring in only a limited percentage of cases.  In the same study, the reduction of acne was better, but clearly inferior to that produced by CPA, and only the improvement in seborrhea was regarded as satisfactory.  The addition of an oral contraceptive to cyproterone resulted in a somewhat better improvement in acne and seborrhea relative to cyproterone alone.  According to Jacobs (1979), “[cyproterone] proved to be without clinical value for reasons that cannot be discussed here.”  In any case, cyproterone has been well-tolerated by patients in dosages of up to 300 mg/day. 
Clinical practice guidelines recommend > 3400 anti-factor Xa International Units of LMWH subcutaneous daily (equivalent to > 34 mg subcutaneous daily of enoxaparin). For most patients, continue prophylaxis until hospital discharge; however, in patients that are considered to be at high risk (., > 60 years of age or a history of VTE), continue prophylaxis through hospitalization and for 2—4 weeks after discharge. Previous guidelines have suggested a dose of enoxaparin 40 mg subcutaneous 1—2 hours before surgery then daily or 30 mg subcutaneous every 12 hours starting 8—12 hours before surgery.